As a proud member of the North American Deck & Rail Association (NADRA), we’d like to remind you to be sure to Check Your Deck® for safety!
Download the 10-Point Deck Safety Checklist: https://bit.ly/NADRAConsumerChecklist
NADRA’s “10-Point Consumer Safety Checklist” is an efficient way to take a good look at the different parts of your deck, with an eye to what might need maintenance, repair or replacement. Safety first, fun second – make sure your deck is safe to enjoy.
#1 of the 10-point consumer checklist to Check Your Deck®: Check for split or decaying wood:
- Check several different areas of the deck to be sure the wood is still sound. This includes the ledger board (where the deck attaches to the house and a common source of deck failure), support posts and joists under the deck (if you can reach them), deck boards, railings and stairs.
- Pay special attention to any areas that tend to remain damp, are regularly exposed to water, or are in contact with fasteners. Use a tool like an ice pick or a screwdriver to penetrate the wood surface. -If you can easily penetrate ¼ – ½ inch, break off a sliver of wood without splinters, or the wood is soft and spongy, decay may be present.
- This is also a good time to look for small holes in the wood, which may indicate insects.
#2 of the 10-point consumer checklist to Check Your Deck®: Check the flashing:
- Flashing is a metal or plastic guard that directs water out and away from sensitive areas. It’s often installed where the deck and house come together, keeping moisture and debris from collecting between the house and the deck’s ledger board. Be certain the flashing is sound and firmly in place. Consider adding or replacing flashing if you notice areas that are obviously allowing water to collect.
#3 of the 10-point consumer checklist to Check Your Deck®: Check for Loose or
- Fasteners include nails, screws or anchors in the ledger board. Tighten any loose fasteners, and pound in any nails that have popped up. (Note: The ledger board should not be fastened with only nails.)
- If a fastener appears rusted or corroded, consider replacing it. A corroded fastener can cause deterioration in surrounding wood.
The deck or stairs should appear even without sagging and should not sway or move when tested.
#4 of the 10-point consumer checklist to Check Your Deck®: Check the Stairs:
- Check any railings or handrails to be sure they are firmly held in place; check also the risers and stringers to be certain they are securely attached and not decayed.
- If the area behind the stair treads is open, this opening should be no more than 4” high.
Also, always keep stair pathways clear of planters, décor, toys and other items that can present a tripping hazard.
#5 of the 10-point consumer checklist to Check Your Deck®: Check the Railings &
- These should be secure. This is especially important the higher your deck is off the ground.
#6 of the 10-point consumer checklist to Check Your Deck®: Cleaning & Maintenance:
- Clean away any leaves and debris, since these can be slippery and promote mildew.
- If mildew is present or the deck coating has worn away, make time to clean and apply a new waterproofing coating.
It can help prevent the split, decayed wood and loosened fasteners mentioned earlier.
#7 of the 10-point consumer checklist to Check Your Deck®: Grills, firepits, chimneys,
heaters and candles:
- These features can create a warm and cozy deck atmosphere, but make sure any source of fire or heat is safely placed away from flammable surfaces or that the deck surface is protected by a non-flammable pad.
- It’s best to use non-flammable pads that are natural mats without vinyl or plastics. When placing a firepit on your deck, you run the risk of burning the surface.
- Always use caution and follow manufacturers’ directions.
#8 of the 10-point consumer checklist to Check Your Deck®: Lighting & Electrical:
- Be sure all lighting is working; clean any light covers to allow maximum light to shine through, and trim any plants or tree limbs that may be blocking light.
- If you don’t have adequate lighting, there are a lot of great new deck lighting products you could consider to illuminate your steps and pathways.
Be sure all electrical outlets, appliances and features are up to code, in good condition, and childproof if children are present.
Watch that any electrical cords do not present a tripping hazard.
#9 of the 10-point consumer checklist to Check Your Deck®: Outdoor Furniture &
- Test all outdoor furniture to be sure it is sturdy. Avoid placing seating right at the edge of the deck. If you have a swing or hammock installed, test the chains and ropes to be sure they are secure. Consider installing childproof latches on any storage boxes and benches.
- Be sure to keep all deck related chemical products stored safely away from children, including BBQ lighter fluids, matches, cleaners, etc.
#10 of the 10-point consumer checklist to Check Your Deck®: Surrounding Trees:
- If you have trees overhanging your deck, make certain there is no danger of decaying limbs breaking free and falling from trees surrounding the deck.
- Older decks require closer scrutiny. Many of these decks were built before code
requirements were in place to protect consumers. Some of these decks may have deckto-
house attachments using only nails.
- If your deck is older, it is even more important to have it inspected by either a home inspector or a knowledgeable deck builder. NADRA member deck builders, such as Fence & Deck Depot, are required to adhere to a code
of ethics and comply with state licensing and insurance requirements.